Guide to Caring for Ready to Lay Pullets

The ready-to-lay pullets you have purchased have been raised under our strict supervision. Our pullets have received the necessary vaccinations for most poultry diseases and have had their beaks trimmed to prevent feed waste and mortality from pecking. Also, they have been tested for Avian Influenza and Salmonella enteritidis at 14 weeks. Our floor raised birds will perform well in free-range or confined housing (minimum of 1.5 -2 sq. ft. /bird).
Please note: If you intend to pasture your birds, confining them inside for a period of 14-21 days after arrival is recommended. This will allow them to become familiar with the location of feeders, waterers and nesting areas. Smooth transition from the growing house to laying house is critical to ensure health and productivity. Proper management is the key to avoiding production “F. L. A. W.s”


FEED

At 17 weeks, these pullets are ready to go and should be fed a layer feed that is an 18% layer ration. Meeting this requirement results in maximizing egg numbers and size. We do NOT recommend supplementing their feed ration with any other grain or caloric intake; this will disrupt the nutritional balance of the properly formulated ration. Anything short of their nutritional requirement can have a devastating impact on egg production. During peak production, layers should also have oyster shell available to supplement calcium requirements. SPACE FOR FEEDERS: Hanging feeders with a diameter of approx. 12” will accommodate up to 25 birds.

LIGHT STIMULATION

This is one of the most important factors in maximizing egg numbers and size. If day length is allowed to decrease when pullets are beginning to lay or in lay, these birds will drop in production or stop laying completely. At 16 weeks these pullets are getting 12 hours of day length per day. (Example: 7:00 am to 7:00 pm)
We recommend using a timer to increase day length following this schedule:

17 Weeks – 13 hours 22 weeks – 16 ¼ hours
18 weeks – 14 hours 23 weeks – 16 ½ hour
19 weeks – 15 hours 24 weeks – 16 ¾ hours
20 weeks – 15 ½ hours 25 weeks – 17 hours
21 weeks – 16 hours

These increases must be given every 7 days.

Remember that natural day length changes both morning and evening, so it’s best to add AM and PM lights. Once you reach 17 hours of light per day, maintain this lighting program year around. Turning the lights on at 4:30 am and off at 9:30 pm is ideal and will cover any outside daylight influence. Lights in your laying house that are too bright could lead to pecking and flightiness; one 60watt bulb for up to a 12’X12’ area is adequate. REMEMBER: never let day length decrease on layers.

AIR

Fresh air movement is important to ensure healthy birds. It will prevent eye damage or blindness from ammonia burn during the winter months. Extreme high, low, or variable temperatures will adversely affect egg production and overall health. The ideal temperature is 70°. During the winter months, keep the temperature above 50°.


WATER TRANSITION

Most started pullets are raised with nipple drinkers. Because of this, these birds are not used to fountain style drinkers. If using fountain type waterers, make sure to have the drinkers at head height. This will make it easier for the birds to see the water. Warm water or feed build-up in the watering system will aid in bacteria growth. SPACE FOR WATERERS: A round waterer with a diameter of approx. 15” will accommodate up to 75 birds. If using a trough waterer, allow 1” of space per bird. If using nipple drinkers, it will allow 10-14 birds per nipple.
REMEMBER: if you won’t drink it, don’t give it to your layers.

Helpful Hints:

  1. Ideal body weight for the first light stimulation is 2.90-3.00 lbs.
  2. Putting in extra bright lights during the water transition from pullet to layer house will help the birds find their new watering system.
  3. Feed pans approximately 6”- 8” off the floor will reduce feed wastage.
  4. If eggs start to get too large, reduce the nutrient density.
    1. 18-30 weeks, 18% layer ration
    2. 30-40 weeks, 17% layer ration
    3. 40-50 weeks, 16% layer ration

We thank you for the opportunity to serve your poultry needs.
Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions or concerns.